- Our Principal Reproductive Treatments
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most effective treatment available to help infertile patients achieve pregnancy from their own eggs and sperm.
Because we strive for the highest embryo quality and to minimize the probability of ovarian hyperstimulation, our IVF ovarian stimulation protocols are gentle and always individualized.
You should consider IVF treatment if any of the following apply to you:
- History of tubal blockage and pelvic adhesions
- Male factor infertility
- Infertility associated with endometriosis
- Infertility associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCO)
- Unexplained infertility
- Long-standing infertility: no contraception use for a year and a half or more
- Decreasing "ovarian reserve": IVF may be the most appropriate treatment for women over the age of 39.
Soft-IVF treatment uses even milder stimulation of the ovaries than our conventional IVF. This approach decreases the need for injectable medications and eliminates most of the danger of ovarian hyperstimulation.
Indications for Soft-IVF are the same as for conventional In Vitro Fertilization, but it should not be used if you plan to cryopreserve (vitrify) as many “left-over” embryos as possible.
It is believed that approximately 10% to 15% of all men are born with some degree of male infertility, and approximately one third of the time, infertility can be solely attributed to male infertility.
In recent years, the prospect of being able to conceive one´s genetic child has increased considerably for men with male factor infertility. In situations, where patients had to use a sperm donor in the past, we will now almost always be able to use the partner´s sperm to fertilize the eggs, even if the male infertility is quite severe.
If you decide to delay starting your family, or if you have a medical condition that will require radiation or chemotherapy treatment, it is possible to vitrify (cryopreserve) and store your eggs for future use.
Your uterus and the cryopreserved eggs do not “grow old”, and your pregnancy probability remains the same regardless of how long your eggs have been stored.
Some couples may delay starting their family so much that by the time they decide to have children, it may be very difficult, if not impossible, to conceive. Embryo Banking can be used to postpone having children while pursuing your educational and professional goals.
Embryo Banking consists of retrieving eggs from your ovaries, fertilizing them with your partner's semen, vitrifying the resulting embryos, and storing them for your future use.
Cryopreserved (vitrified) embryos are kept in liquid nitrogen which allows them to remain in a suspended state, “frozen in time”.
In Vitro fertilization
We do not discriminate based on our patients´ lifestyles, living arrangement, or sexual preference.
In lesbian couple In Vitro Fertilization treatment, both partners can participate in their conception. One partner provides the eggs, donor semen is used to create embryos, and one or more embryos are transferred into the other partner´s uterus.
Donor Egg IVF
In 1988, our patients were some of the first in the San Francisco Bay Area to have an option of Donor Egg In Vitro Fertilization treatment. Since that time, Donor Egg IVF has become a mainstream treatment for infertility.
You should consider Donor Egg IVF treatment if you cannot or should not, for genetic reasons, conceive with your own eggs. With few exceptions, Donor Egg IVF will be needed if you (female partner) are 43 years or older.
Donor Egg IVF is the most effective fertility treatment available.
Finding an egg donor is the first step in initiating the egg donor treatment. The donor can be a relative, a friend, or you may wish to use an egg donor agency. These agencies have pre-selected egg donors for you to choose from. Once you have chosen a donor, the subsequent treatment takes place at our Center.
Frozen Donor Egg IVF
Frozen Donor Egg IVF is an alternative to "fresh" (non-frozen) Donor Egg IVF treatment. It can be a highly successful treatment typically used for patients who no longer have high quality eggs within their ovaries.
You choose your frozen donor eggs from a donor Egg Bank catalog. This is similar to choosing donor semen from a Sperm Bank.
Children conceived from "fresh" or frozen donor eggs are genetically linked to the male partner and the egg donor, but the female partner is the one who becomes pregnant, nourishes the baby throughout the pregnancy and experiences the childbirth.
Cryopreserved (Vitrified) Embryo Transfer
In Vitro Fertilization, Soft-IVF®, and Donor Egg IVF treatments can result in the creation of more embryos than you may wish to have transferred. It is typically possible to freeze (vitrify, cryopreserve) these "extra" embryos and store them in liquid nitrogen. The stored embryos can be thawed and transferred into the uterus at a later date.
The complexity and cost of Cryopreserved Embryo Transfer treatment is less than if you were to repeat a full In Vitro Fertilization, Soft-IVF, or Donor Egg IVF treatment.