- Our Principal Reproductive Treatments
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most effective treatment available to help infertile patients achieve pregnancy from their own eggs and sperm.
Because we strive for the highest embryo quality and to minimize the probability of ovarian hyperstimulation, our IVF ovarian stimulation protocols are gentle and always individualized.
You should consider IVF treatment if any of the following apply to you:
- History of tubal blockage and pelvic adhesions
- Male factor infertility
- Infertility associated with endometriosis
- Infertility associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCO)
- Unexplained infertility
- Long-standing infertility: no contraception use for a year and a half or more
- Decreasing "ovarian reserve": IVF may be the most appropriate treatment for women over the age of 39.
It is believed that approximately 10% to 15% of all men are born with some degree of male infertility, and approximately one third of the time, infertility can be solely attributed to male infertility.
In recent years, the prospect of being able to conceive one´s genetic child has increased considerably for men with male factor infertility. In situations, where patients had to use a sperm donor in the past, we will now almost always be able to use the partner´s sperm to fertilize the eggs, even if the male infertility is quite severe.
Egg Quality Infertility
The egg quality factor refers to frequency of genetically and biologically "perfect" eggs present within the ovaries.
This frequency begins to decrease at the age of approximately 32 and by the age of 40, a great majority of high quality eggs have already disappeared from the ovaries.
In Vitro Fertilization
We do not discriminate based on our patients´ lifestyles, living arrangement, or sexual preference.
In lesbian couple In Vitro Fertilization treatment, both partners can participate in their conception. One partner provides the eggs, donor semen is used to create embryos, and one or more embryos are transferred into the other partner´s uterus.
Donor Egg IVF
In 1988, our patients were some of the first in the San Francisco Bay Area to have an option of Donor Egg In Vitro Fertilization treatment. Since that time, Donor Egg IVF has become a mainstream treatment for infertility.
You should consider Donor Egg IVF treatment if you cannot or should not, for genetic reasons, conceive with your own eggs. With few exceptions, Donor Egg IVF will be needed if you (female partner) are 43 years or older.
Donor Egg IVF is the most effective fertility treatment available.
Finding an egg donor is the first step in initiating the egg donor treatment. The donor can be a relative, a friend, or you may wish to use an egg donor agency. These agencies have pre-selected egg donors for you to choose from. Once you have chosen a donor, the subsequent treatment takes place at our Center.
Frozen Donor Egg IVF
Frozen Donor Egg IVF is an alternative to "fresh" (non-frozen) Donor Egg IVF treatment. It can be a highly successful treatment typically used for patients who no longer have high quality eggs within their ovaries.
You choose your frozen donor eggs from a donor Egg Bank catalog. This is similar to choosing donor semen from a Sperm Bank.
Children conceived from "fresh" or frozen donor eggs are genetically linked to the male partner and the egg donor, but the female partner is the one who becomes pregnant, nourishes the baby throughout the pregnancy and experiences the childbirth.
Cryopreserved (Vitrified) Embryo Transfer
In Vitro Fertilization, Donor Egg IVF, and Frozen Donor Egg IVF treatments can result in the creation of more embryos than you may wish to have transferred. It is typically possible to freeze (vitrify, cryopreserve) these "extra" embryos and store them in liquid nitrogen. The stored embryos can be thawed and transferred into the uterus at a later date.
The complexity and cost of Cryopreserved Embryo Transfer treatment is less than if you were to repeat a full In Vitro Fertilization, Donor Egg IVF, or Frozen Donor Egg IVF treatment.