- Our Principal Reproductive Treatments
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most effective treatment available to help infertile patients achieve pregnancy from their own eggs and sperm.
Because we strive for the highest embryo quality and to minimize the probability of ovarian hyperstimulation, our IVF ovarian stimulation protocols are gentle and always individualized.
You should consider IVF treatment if any of the following apply to you:
- History of tubal blockage and pelvic adhesions
- Male factor infertility
- Infertility associated with endometriosis
- Infertility associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCO)
- Unexplained infertility
- Long-standing infertility: no contraception use for a year and a half or more
- Decreasing "ovarian reserve": IVF may be the most appropriate treatment for women over the age of 39.
Soft-IVF treatment uses even milder stimulation of the ovaries than our conventional IVF. This approach decreases the need for injectable medications and eliminates most of the danger of ovarian hyperstimulation.
Indications for Soft-IVF are the same as for conventional In Vitro Fertilization, but it should not be used for severe male infertility, or if you plan to vitrify (cryopreserve) as many “left-over” embryos as possible.
Gender Selection IVF
We were one of the first San Francisco Bay Area fertility clinics to offer Gender Selection IVF for family balancing. This treatment adds Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) to In Vitro Fertilization to let prospective parents know the gender of each embryo.
An embryo cell biopsy is performed three days after egg retrieval, and the biopsied cell´s chromosomes are analyzed. Only embryos of the desired gender are transferred into the uterus.
This procedure can also identify genetically abnormal embryos (i.e., Down syndrome). We test for genetic disorders along with determining the gender of an embryo.
It is believed that approximately 10% to 15% of all men are born with some degree of male infertility, and approximately one third of the time, infertility can be solely attributed to male infertility.
In recent years, the prospect of being able to conceive one´s genetic child has increased considerably for men with male factor infertility. In situations, where patients had to use a sperm donor in the past, we will now almost always be able to use the partner´s sperm to fertilize the eggs, even if the male infertility is quite severe.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
IUI can be a valuable alternative to In Vitro Fertilization for couples without a significant egg or semen quality factor and healthy Fallopian tubes.
Since Intrauterine Insemination success increases when done in conjunction with ovarian stimulation, we always combine IUI´s with mild stimulation of the ovaries. This approach also guarantees precise timing of the insemination to the time of ovulation.
Donor Egg IVF
In 1988, our patients were some of the first in the San Francisco Bay Area to have an option of Donor Egg In Vitro Fertilization treatment. Since that time, Donor Egg IVF has become a mainstream treatment for infertility.
You should consider Donor Egg IVF treatment if you cannot or should not, for genetic reasons, conceive with your own eggs. With few exceptions, Donor Egg IVF will be needed if you (female partner) are 43 years or older.
Donor Egg IVF is the most effective fertility treatment available. You should expect a 50% to 75% probability of a successful outcome at Bay IVF Center.
Finding an egg donor is the first step in initiating the egg donor treatment. The donor can be a relative, a friend, or you may wish to use an egg donor agency. These agencies have pre-selected egg donors for you to choose from. Once you have chosen a donor, the subsequent treatment takes place at our Center.
If you decide to delay starting your family, or if you have a medical condition that will require radiation or chemotherapy treatment, it is possible to create, vitrify (cryopreserve), and store your embryos for future use.
Your uterus and the vitrified (cryopreserved) embryos do not “grow old”, and your pregnancy probability remains the same regardless of how long your embryos have been stored.
In Vitro fertilization
We do not discriminate based on our patients´ lifestyles, living arrangement, or sexual preference.
In lesbian couple In Vitro Fertilization treatment, both partners can participate in their conception. One partner provides the eggs, donor semen is used to create embryos, and one or more embryos are transferred into the other partner´s uterus.
Frozen (Vitrified) Embryo Transfer
In Vitro Fertilization and Donor Egg IVF treatments can result in the creation of more embryos than you may wish to have transferred. It is typically possible to freeze (vitrify, cryopreserve) these "extra" embryos and store them in liquid nitrogen. The stored embryos can be thawed and transferred into the uterus at a later date.
The complexity and cost of Vitrified Embryo Transfer treatment is less than if you were to repeat a full In Vitro Fertilization or Donor Egg IVF treatment.